Treatment of Cavity
Treatment of Cavity
Treatment of Cavity

After dental caries are detected, the treatment should be done without delay. Dental cavities are treated with fillings. Dental filling is an application to give the tooth its natural form before decay after the removal of tooth decay by closing the cavity with appropriate materials with the aim to ensure aesthetics and function.

The location and function of the tooth is considered when choosing the filling material to be used. Since chewing function is performed basically in the molar region, the molar teeth are subjected to more pressure. So, when filling molar teeth, more durable filling materials should be used. Tooth-coloured filling materials are used in the front teeth for fillings to be as unnoticeable as possible.

After dental caries are detected, the treatment should be done without delay. Dental cavities are treated with fillings. Dental filling is an application to give the tooth its natural form before decay after the removal of tooth decay by closing the cavity with appropriate materials with the aim to ensure aesthetics and function. The location and function of the tooth is considered when choosing the filling material to be used. Since chewing function is performed basically in the molar region, the molar teeth are subjected to more pressure. So, when filling molar teeth, more durable filling materials should be used. Tooth-coloured filling materials are used in the front teeth for fillings to be as unnoticeable as possible.

Treatment of Cavity
Treatment of Cavity

Composite (Tooth Coloured) Fillings

Composite fillings are fillings which can be used for the treatment of tooth decay and fracture, or for aesthetic purposes and which can imitate tooth color. Although they were used only in front teeth when they were first developed, they are now used also for rear teeth because their durability against chewing forces have been increased and amounts of wear have been reduced over time. Their most important advantage is their aesthetics. They can be polished soon after filling. However, another session should be allocated after 24 hours for polishing amalgam fillings. Composite fillings are used not only for the restoration of cavities formed as a result of decay but also for the change of the tooth colour and form in cases where the patient is not satisfied with the appearance. These fillings are applied layer by layer and harden with a special light. They last longer than amalgam fillings. They cost more than amalgam and filling discoloration and erosion may occur over time.

Treatment of Cavity
Treatment of Cavity

Porcelain Inlay-Onlay Fillings

Porcelain fillings are fillings prepared in laboratory with superior aesthetics and durability. After measuring the size of the cavity shaped for filling, they are made of porcelain in the laboratory and bonded to the teeth. They require a special technique and delicate operation. They are much more compatible with the tooth on which they are applied and neighbouring teeth than composite fillings. Moreover, these porcelains are the materials which are closest to the hardness of tooth and which are most compatible with gum. Especially in the teeth subjected to a masticatory load and in great material loss, they can be preferred instead of composite filling or crown (veneer).

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